Aeroponics is a new type of cultivation method, invented by NASA in the 1990s to find effective space plant cultivation techniques. Later this technique was called "Aeroponics", which means "plants that grow in an air/fog environment with no soil and little water". This kind of vertical farming solution atomizes the nutrient solution into small mist droplets through a spray device, and sprays them directly onto the plant root system to provide the water and nutrients needed for plant growth.
In the vertical farming solutions, aeroponics is the most water-saving technology, which can reduce water consumption by 90% compared with hydroponics. At the same time, aeroponics can make plants more efficient in absorbing nutrients, and plant growth is healthier with more nutrients.
Hydroponics is a new method of plant cultivation, widely used in vertical agricultural systems. This method replaces the soil with nutrient solution to eliminate bacteria and harmful substances in the soil, thereby realizing true green food production. Since the roots of the plants are immersed in the nutrient solution, the sensor can easily realize the monitoring of plant growth and nutrient components in the nutrient solution, which improves the optimal environment for plant growth.
The aquaponics system is very similar to the hydroponic system, but more optimized. This method aims to integrate fish and plants in the same ecosystem. Fishes grow in indoor ponds and produce nutrient-rich wastes, which can serve as a source of nutrients for plants in vertical agricultural systems. The quality LED grow lights provide sunlight for plants. On the other hand, these plants can purify and filter wastewater for fish ponds to use. Aquaponics system simplifies production and economic issues and can maximize production efficiency. Compared with most vertical farming solutions, the current application scale of aquaponics is relatively small.
By using the latest technologies such as LED plant lighting, aeroponics and climate control, it is possible to grow vegetables in an environment without sunlight, soil and pesticides. Through sensors, intelligent digital management of the entire process of crop growth can be realized, which can shorten the crop harvest period, improve food quality, and reduce the impact on the environment, making crop growth and harvest more controllable and efficient.
Lokal, a self-sufficient small-scale household vegetable system using hydroponic farming system. By replacing the soil with nutrient solution and replacing sunlight with LED plant grow lights, people can plant and harvest crops indoors where there is no sunlight or soil. This innovation can really help people grow fresh food in their homes. The system can make plants grow three times faster than traditional planting methods and reduce water consumption by 90%. Through the sensor, the user can grasp the growth status of the crop at any time on the mobile phone.